Research Funders

This research was supported by the Health Foundation. The Health Foundation is an independent charity working to improve the quality of healthcare in the UK.

This research was supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Yorkshire and Humberside Patient Safety Translational Research Centre (NIHR YHPSTRC).

Research Partners

Our cohorts of emergency medical admissions are from three acute hospitals which are approximately 100 km apart in the Yorkshire and Humberside region of England—the Diana, Princess of Wales Hospital (n~400 beds) and Scunthorpe General Hospital (n~400 beds) managed by the Northern Lincolnshire and Goole NHS Foundation Trust (NLAG) and York Hospital (YH) (n~700 beds) (managed by York Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust).